Eco design

Subject area eco design

Eco design examines the entire product life.

The design of a product plays a crucial role in how the product affects the environment. This is why eco design The eco design of plastic packaging is intended to minimise the environmental impact of plastic packaging and the packaged goods over their entire lifespan. closeeco design, in accordance with customer requirements, is at the heart of our product design. The design approach of eco design The eco design of plastic packaging is intended to minimise the environmental impact of plastic packaging and the packaged goods over their entire lifespan. closeeco design involves much more than the recyclability For a product to be recyclable, it must: a) be made of a material that is collected for recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling, has a market value and/or is supported by a programme prescribed by law; b) it is sorted and aggregated into defined streams for recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling processes; c) it is processed and recycled through commercial recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling processes; d) the recycled material is used in the manufacture of new products. closerecyclability of packaging or the use of recycled materialsRecycled materials Recycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closeRecycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closerecycled materials. Eco design The eco design of plastic packaging is intended to minimise the environmental impact of plastic packaging and the packaged goods over their entire lifespan. closeEco design goes far beyond this. Rather than viewing packaging separately, it sees it in unity with the packaged goods. Optimal consumer and product protection are the main considerations during development. In eco design The eco design of plastic packaging is intended to minimise the environmental impact of plastic packaging and the packaged goods over their entire lifespan. closeeco design, we consider the packaging and packaged goods as one single system throughout the entire life cycle The life cycle of a product spans the phases from production through the use and possible reuse, all the way to disposal. An extended definition can also include the procurement and provision of the raw materials before production and the reuse of raw materials after product disposal. closelife cycle of both products. We see the eco design The eco design of plastic packaging is intended to minimise the environmental impact of plastic packaging and the packaged goods over their entire lifespan. closeeco design concept as a truly future-oriented innovation.

On the one hand, the life cycles of packaging and packed goods are closely linked, and on the other hand, it is always important to find a solution that offers maximum functionality and cost-effectiveness. This means that trade-offs between requirements concerning product protection and the reduction of the environmental impact of packaging – for instance through minimal material use, the use of recycled materialsRecycled materials Recycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closeRecycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closerecycled materials and a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling-friendly design – are inevitable.

A comprehensive consideration of product development following the eco design The eco design of plastic packaging is intended to minimise the environmental impact of plastic packaging and the packaged goods over their entire lifespan. closeeco design model must include the careful deliberation of all of its advantages and disadvantages. For example, the use of recycled materialRecycled materials Recycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closeRecycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closerecycled material stands to reason from an ecological point of view. After all, it saves resources. At the same time, however, economic aspects should also be considered. How does the use of recycled materialsRecycled materials Recycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closeRecycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closerecycled materials affect product costs? It must also be examined whether the use of recycled materialsRecycled materials Recycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closeRecycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closerecycled materials could lead to functional limitations – if, for example, the necessary material rigidity or toughness cannot be achieved. If the use of recycled materialRecycled materials Recycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closeRecycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closerecycled material is still requested in this case, the design will have to be modified. The product developer is also required to check whether a suitable recycled materialRecycled materials Recycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closeRecycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closerecycled material exists at all and whether it can be meaningfully used in terms of eco design The eco design of plastic packaging is intended to minimise the environmental impact of plastic packaging and the packaged goods over their entire lifespan. closeeco design.

Eco design The eco design of plastic packaging is intended to minimise the environmental impact of plastic packaging and the packaged goods over their entire lifespan. closeEco design must ensure optimum use and handling throughout all phases of a product life cycle The life cycle of a product spans the phases from production through the use and possible reuse, all the way to disposal. An extended definition can also include the procurement and provision of the raw materials before production and the reuse of raw materials after product disposal. closelife cycle, from production through storage and filling, packaging and transport, all the way to proper product use and subsequent disposal. And it is crucial to remember that only designs that guarantee waste sortability can be used as recycled materialRecycled materials Recycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closeRecycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closerecycled material in a second product life.

The current social debate on plastic packaging often ignores the fact that resource consumption for the production of packaging – and thus its environmental impact – is usually lower than that for the production of the packaged goods. Food packaging example: plastic packaging significantly prolongs the shelf life of food compared to many alternative materials. For example, the summary of the ecological evaluation of packaging carried out by GVM Packaging Market Research (published April 2018) included the following observations: The CO2 savings as a result of reduced cheese waste is 2.5 times higher than the additional CO2 emissions for optimised packaging.

In other words, a dogmatic renunciation of plastic packaging can have a significant negative effect on environmental and sustainability The concept of sustainability was first described by Hans Carl von Carlowitz in 1713. Since the 1990s, the expanded model of thinking has developed as a “triangle of sustainability”. Today, it stands for a comprehensive future concept based on a) an ecological balance, b) economic security and c) social fairness. closesustainability objectives.  

Handling such trade-offs must therefore be precisely regulated during the development phase. What is more important, the minimal use of materials, for example through a non-recyclable material structure, or recyclability For a product to be recyclable, it must: a) be made of a material that is collected for recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling, has a market value and/or is supported by a programme prescribed by law; b) it is sorted and aggregated into defined streams for recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling processes; c) it is processed and recycled through commercial recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling processes; d) the recycled material is used in the manufacture of new products. closerecyclability? In order to find the right path here, we talk to our customers about the specific criteria that need to be considered. To help us, we use the “Round Table for the Eco Design The eco design of plastic packaging is intended to minimise the environmental impact of plastic packaging and the packaged goods over their entire lifespan. closeEco Design of Plastic Packaging” guidelines. There is never a perfect solution for a life-cycle-friendly eco design The eco design of plastic packaging is intended to minimise the environmental impact of plastic packaging and the packaged goods over their entire lifespan. closeeco design – but our goal is to be a little better every time. To do this, we need to have as much knowledge as possible of what is important in the various phases of a product’s life. Our thinking does not stop at the factory gates. With every new product, we ask ourselves: What is the best way to make the product? How can I improve handling for our customers? How can I optimise handling for consumers? How can I make the product optimally recyclable? How can I achieve all this using recycled materialRecycled materials Recycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closeRecycled materials are products from a recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling process. In plastics processing, it is an umbrella term used for regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind, regranulate Regranulate is obtained as →Granules from plastic regrind Regrind is obtained by grinding plastic. Regrind has different and irregular particle sizes of two to five millimetres and may contain dust particles. closeregrind through a melting process. Regranulate has uniform grain size and no dust content and is ideal for further processing. closeregranulate or regenerate Regenerate is obtained through a melting process (compounding), to which additives are added to improve the properties. Regenerate has uniform grain sizes and no dust content and defined property values if applicable. closeregenerate → Material recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. closerecycled material? How can I make a positive influence on logistics? The TEKU® Division of the Pöppelmann Group. Specialist for products for commercial horticulture. closeTEKU® plant pots in Circular blue are the perfect example of how this can be successfully implemented. Here, we use a material-saving thermoformingThermoforming Thermoforming is understood as a process that serves to transform thermoplastics. The process was formerly known as “deep drawing”. closeThermoforming is understood as a process that serves to transform thermoplastics. The process was formerly known as “deep drawing”. closethermoforming process to make a product whose material is part of a closed loop In a closed material cycle, the materials contained in products are recycled and reused for the production of new, comparable products. closeclosed loop. But there is still room for improvement in the value-added cycle, for example in recycling Recycling describes the process of converting waste into new materials and objects, and thus its return to the production and consumption cycle. closerecycling. The approach of the closed material cycle In a closed material cycle, the materials contained in products are recycled and reused for the production of new, comparable products. closeclosed material cycle achieved here is the fundamental idea behind our PÖPPELMANN blue® The company-wide PÖPPELMANN blue® initiative bundles activities that aim to achieve a completely closed raw material cycle in the company. closePÖPPELMANN blue® initiative.

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